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The Wild Coast has a comparatively high average rainfall, with the coastal belt receiving over 1000mm per annum. Spring rains generally appear in October, with July to September being the coolest and dryest months of the year; and December to February being the hottest and wettest.  

Taken, unedited, from a comment by Sensei at MoneyWeb: Bitcoin is not a currency

"...gold is money while fiat currencies are debt tokens or IOU’s or a promise to pay. It is not payment, it is deferred payment. The institution who originally issued the promise to pay, namely the government, changed the laws of payment (1971 the Nixon Shock) to enable them to redeem an IOU with another promise to pay.

apt-get install incron
nano /etc/incron.allow # Line: root
incrontab -e # Line: /var/www IN_CREATE /bin/chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/

Adapted from flat-file config at Raymii.Org.

/etc/exim4/main/20_exim4_prionyx_system_filter
system_filter = /etc/exim4/system_filter.exim
system_filter_directory_transport = local_copy_outgoing

What is writing to disk:
iotop -o -b -d 10

Port forward:
ssh -fN -L 32760:127.0.0.1:3306 prionyx.waspa.org.za

du -cksh *

ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/mykey user@host

sudo mount -o resvport,rw -t nfs 10.42.0.1:/export/users nfs-export/

sudo nano /etc/profile: export http_proxy="http://x.x.x.x:8080

/usr/sbin/apachectl configtest

https://linuxconfig.org/how-to-setup-a-vpn-with-openvpn-on-debian-9-stretch-linux
Add a client:
# cd /etc/openvpn/certs
# source ./vars
# ./build-key clientname ##(Accept rational defaults, change FF_VPN_Server, DO NOT enter challenge password or optional Company Name)
# cd/etc/openvpn/client
# mkdir clientname
# cp client.conf clientname/clientname.conf ##(Copy client.conf to client dir renamed appropriately)

apt-get install openvpn easy-rsa

remove/flush all rules & delete chains
iptables -F
iptables -X
iptables -t nat -F
iptables -t nat -X
iptables -t mangle -F
iptables -t mangle -X
iptables -P INPUT ACCEPT
iptables -P OUTPUT ACCEPT
iptables -P FORWARD ACCEPT

-F : Deleting (flushing) all the rules.
-X : Delete chain.
-t table_name : Select table (called nat or mangle) and delete/flush rules.
-P : Set the default policy (such as DROP, REJECT, or ACCEPT).

certbot certonly --standalone --preferred-challenges http -d waspa.org.za
certbot --apache certonly
certbot renew --dry-run

Change certs to LetsEncrypt
chmod 755 /etc/letsencrypt/{archive,live}; chgrp Debian-exim /etc/letsencrypt/{archive,live}

Check user exim -bt mailmanatispa [dot] org [dot] za

/var/virtual/waspa.org.za/mailman/bin/list_lists -b | while read list; do /var/virtual/waspa.org.za/mailman/bin/find_member -l $list "telkomsa.net"; done

or

`telkomsa.net"

or, best yet

/var/virtual/waspa/mailman/bin/find_member @telkomsa.net

waspa.org.za/mailman/bin/list_admins -a | grep -i ant@ff == no results

Delete a mailman list:
/var/virtual/waspa.org.za/mailman $ bin/rmlist no-alert
Not removing archives.  Reinvoke with -a to remove them.

 

netstat -anutp | grep SYN_RECV | wc -l

vnstat -l -i eth0

htop

tcpdump -i eth0 -nn 'tcp port 80' and 'tcp[13] == 2' -c 100

iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m recent --update --seconds 60 --hitcount 20 -j DROP
 

 /etc/ufw/before.rules
 
*nat
:PREROUTING ACCEPT Array
# forward 129.232.230.123 port 22 to 192.168.230.123:22

-A PREROUTING -i eno1:1 -d 129.232.230.123 -p tcp --dport 22 -j DNAT --to-destination 192.168.230.123:22
# setup routing
-A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.230.0/24 ! -d 192.168.230.0/24 -j MASQUERADE
COMMIT

NOTE: NET-TOOLS (e.g. ifconfig) DEPRECATED. USE IPROUTE2

ip addr add 129.232.230.123/29 dev eno1 label eno1:0

iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING --src 129.232.230.123/29 -j NETMAP --to 192.168.230.123/24

https://serverfault.com/questions/627238/kvm-libvirt-how-to-configure-st...

virsh  dumpxml  ispa-vm | grep 'mac address'
virsh  net-list
virsh  net-edit default

virsh net-destroy default
virsh net-start default

Debian/Ubuntu only UID numbering!

mount -o nolock 10.10.122.1:/nfs/share /mnt/

export UGIDLIMIT=1000
cd /nfs/share/ff/move
awk -v LIMIT=$UGIDLIMIT -F: '($3>=LIMIT) && ($3!=29999)' /etc/passwd > move/passwd.mig
awk -v LIMIT=$UGIDLIMIT -F: '($3>=LIMIT) && ($3!=29999)' /etc/group > move/group.mig
awk -v LIMIT=$UGIDLIMIT -F: '($3>=LIMIT) && ($3!=29999) {print $1}' /etc/passwd | tee - |egrep -f - /etc/shadow > move/shadow.mig
less move/passwd.mig ls -ltr move/
ls -ltr move/

https://wiki.dovecot.org/ACL (Note, the configs moved from dovecot.conf)

UBUNTU 16.04:
/etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-mail.conf

# Directory where to look up mail plugins.
mail_plugin_dir = /usr/lib/dovecot/modules

# Space separated list of plugins to load for all services. Plugins specific to
# IMAP, LDA, etc. are added to this list in their own .conf files.
#mail_plugins =
mail_plugins = acl
protocol imap {
  mail_plugins = $mail_plugins imap_acl
}

In a nutshell, as root:
$ apt-get install mb2md
$ su - 'username
$ mb2md -s f2fpanel-aug2014.mbox -R ## User must be chown of source file!

Some excellent footage of Hole in the Wall in winter.

Don't be put off by the opening shots of Thailand. 

The beauty of South Africa's Wild Coast‚ its eco-systems‚ culture and communities will be highlighted in a locally-produced documentary in the hope of declaring it a World Heritage site.

The adventures of three paddlers‚ three cyclists and three runners who will each traverse the entire Wild Coast in the Eastern Cape‚ covering about 300 kilometres from the Great Kei River in the south to the Umtamvuna River in the north‚ will be followed by a film crew.

An annual green music and cultural event held at Mdumbi Point on the Wild Coast.

 

Rule 26 -- Navigation Lights for Fishing Vessels


INTERNATIONAL

INLAND

(a) A vessel engaged in fishing, whether underway or at anchor, shall exhibit only the lights and shapes prescribed in this Rule.

Nav lights for fishing

Zuma axes the Finance Minister and other opposition in his cabinet.

It really should have been announced tomorrow. Fool.

The Rand closed at R12.79 on Thursday 30 April 2017. Down 5% by 6:30am. How far will it go?

Click on the pics to the left.

Tuesday 4/4/17, 8:40AM it's at R13.84 against the dollar, after S&P announced downgrade to 'junk' status on Monday.

 

Rand exchange

Be aware of illegal fishing vessels along the Wild Coast.

Especially during the Shad Season and Sardine Run from May through August!

There is now a permanent AIS monitoring station at Hole in the Wall, capable of monitoring all legal marine traffic along the Wild Coast.

"Legal" Chinese fishing vessel with 600 tons of squid that ran away from our coastguard

Amadiba Crisis Committee 2017-03-23:

We are instructed by the meeting at Komkhulu today 23 March 2017 to say exactly the following in a short letter from the Traditional Authority of Umgungundlovu to the new CEO of SANRAL:

“Starting from now, SANRAL will cease and desist from all activities in our community. If you don’t respect this, we will tie up your staff and keep them here by us, until their father comes and fetch them.” 

We have decided to let this be an open letter:

How a Proposed Strip Mine Brought Conflict to South Africa’s Wild Coast (E360.Yale.Edu)

The murder of activist Sikhosiphi Rhadebe has not stopped communities in South Africa’s Pondoland region from opposing plans for a major titanium mine. What’s at stake are ecologically important lands – and, for the villagers, a way of life. Third in a series.
BY FRED PEARCE  • MARCH 13, 2017

Xolobeni sand dunes