Climate

Briefly

The area has a comparatively high average rainfall, with the coastal and mountain regions receiving over 1000mm per annum. Snow is not uncommon at high altitudes in winter, but the remainder of the country is temperate with high sub-tropical temperatures along the coast in summer.

The summer rainy seasons are sub tropically warm and pleasant, while the winters are mild and fine (and pleasant). High temperatures in January (mid summer) reach about 28 degrees C, and in June (winter) about 21 degrees, with lows of 17 and 9 degrees respectively.

Penguin visits Hole in the Wall

  • Posted on: 11 July 2011
  • By: JB
Inyoni (AKA Slipway)Inyoni (AKA Slipway)A crowd of bemused holiday makers gathered on the beach at Hole in the Wall yesterday where a small penguin had set ashore nursing an injured leg. As it is tagged (S29329), it definitely has had human contact before and seems to have landed at the busiest beach in the area specifically looking for help from humans. Especially as it is over 1000km away from its usual habitat. The African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus, Xhosa name: Nombombiya, and also known as the Black-footed Penguin) is an endangered species and there are fewer than 100,000 left in the world. A hiker from nearby Coffee Bay turned out to be a marine biologist from Hawaii, and advised Charlene from Hole in the Wall Hotel on the correct care for the docile, cute little fuzzy, who whacked down 4 sards for dinner, and another 3 for breakfast this morning. Charlene & InyoniCharlene & Inyoni"Inyoni", as Ian and Charlene named it, is being transported to the East London aquarium today. "Threats Of the 1.5-million African Penguin population estimated in 1910, only some 10% remained at the end of the 20th-century. African penguin populations, which breed in Namibia and South Africa, have declined by 95 percent since preindustrial times. Commercial fisheries have forced these penguins to search for prey farther off shore, as well as making them eat less nutritious prey, since their preferred prey has become scarce. Global climate change is also affecting these penguin's prey abundance." (From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_penguin) African PenquinAfrican Penquin"The latest African Penguin census revealed that there are less than 100 000 adults left. Given the large decrease in the 20th century, there is considerable concern about the long-term viability of the African Penguin in the wild. Guano and egg collection caused a near collapse in the penguin population. More recently, reduced availability of pelagic fish, resulting from competition with commercial fisheries, has been responsible for the ongoing declines. the vulnerability of African Penguins is increased further by its concentration within relatively small geographic areas. Consequently, catastrophic events, in the form of oil spills affecting thousands of birds have now become one of the most immediate threats facing African Penguins. The one ray of hope in this otherwise dark cloud is that the African Penguin is a robust and tough animal and thus able to deal with the rehabilitation process far better than other species." (From: http://www.volunteers.bookingsouthafrica.com/listing-penguin-rescue-and-rehabilitation-13.html)

Global Warming

Thanks to Dre for this info: To give a sense of how dramatic the (climatic) changes have been over the last 28 years, the figures below show the minimum ice extent in September 1979, and the situation today (Aug 9, 2007) The reduction is around 1.2 million square km of ice, a little bit larger than the size of California and Texas combined. Pasted from <http://www.realclimate.org/ Now see:http://english.aljazeera.net The dramatic loss of sea ice over the past few years has prompted competition among countries bordering the Arctic Ocean over navigation routes and the rights to its mineral-rich seabed. And you expect any serious attempt at a reverse? Then again, during the interglacials of 125,000 and 8,000 years ago only a tiny pocket in Africa from just above Cape Town to Angola was actually desert, with the Sahara and Saudi Arabia being grassland, savannah or scrub. At that point there must have been a lot less ice than today - the world was much warmer and wetter. (The tricky thing about the current state-of-affairs is that its human-induced.) Glacial maximums happened 18,000 and 80,000 years ago (and a tiny one 700 years ago, which helped kill off the Vikings in Greenland). During these cool periods most of Africa was desert, tropical forest cover was miniscule, and the Red Sea dried-up sufficiently to allow an opening to Asia at the Gate of Grief (southern point). That allowed Africans to enter Asia and then - along currently submerged (by sea) routes, and a short Island hop - Australia; and much later - to everybody's despair - Europe. [The likely first of many victims of anatomically modern European-based humans would have been Neanderthals, although Human Erectus was probably also in the Genocide (victim) mix.]